In this post, I will write about the construction, launching and commissioning of the USS Hornet (CV-12) Aircraft Carrier which was where my father, John T. Ryan served in WWII.
Some people who may read my blog, may not understand about the naming of ships and may confuse one ship for another. This is especially the case with two ships named USS Hornet seeing action in WWII (CV-8 and CV-12). According to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Hornet, eight ships of the United States Navy have been named USS Hornet, after the stinging insect.
- USS Hornet (1775), was a ten-gun sloop commissioned in 1775, and served in the American Revolutionary War
- USS Hornet (1805 sloop), was also a ten-gun sloop and took part in the First Barbary War
- USS Hornet (1805 brig), was a brig-rigged sloop of war launched on 28 July 1805 and sank in a storm on 29 September 1829
- USS Hornet (1813) was a five-gun schooner used as a dispatch vessel between 1814 and 1820
- USS Hornet (1865), the first to be steam propelled, was an iron, side-wheeled steamer
- USS Hornet (1898), a converted yacht, was a dispatch vessel in the Spanish-American War
- USS Hornet (CV-8), launched the Doolittle Raid in 1942, fought at the Battle of Midway, and was sunk at the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942
- USS Hornet (CV-12) was originally named Kearsarge, but renamed in honor of CV-8 and active through the rest of World War II and is preserved as a museum ship in Alameda, California
Construction, Launching and Commissioning 1940-1943
The contract to build Kearsarge had been given to Newport News Shipbuilding on 9 September 1940, and her keel was laid down on 3 August 1942. The seventh Hornet (CV-8) was sunk in the Battle of Santa Cruz on 26 October 1942, and the CV-12 hull was renamed Hornet (the name Kearsarge is still stamped into her keel plate).
She is a United State Navy Aircraft Carrier of the Essex Class. The Essex class was a class of aircraft carriers of the United States Navy, which constituted the 20th century’s most numerous class of capital ships with 24 vessels built in both “short-hull” and “long-hull” versions. Thirty-two were originally ordered; however as World War II wound down, six were canceled before construction, and two were canceled after construction had begun. The Essex-class carriers were the backbone of the U.S. Navy’s combat strength during World War II from mid-1943 on, and along with the addition of the three Midway-class carriers just after the war continued to be the heart of U.S. Naval strength until the supercarriers began to come into the fleet in numbers during the 1960s and 1970s.
She was launched on 30 August 1943. The Secretary of the Navy, Frank Knox and his wife Annie Reid Knox, sponsors of the Hornet, were present for the christening.
The following pages about the launch were official (NARA) National Archives and Records Administration documents. I believe I obtained them from the research website FOLD3. The photograph above was also part of the document; however the version above was a better copy found on wikipedia.
The USS Hornet (CV-12) was commissioned on 29 November 1943. Her first commander was Captain (later Rear Admiral) Miles R. Browning. The following is another NARA document and it has the details of the commissioning.
According to the US Navy WWII Muster Rolls for the ship, my father, Seaman First Class, John Thomas Ryan was received on board, December 10, 1943. In my next post, I will begin to reconstruct the WWII activity of the USS Hornet (CV-12) and if I am able to find information about the life on an aircraft carrier of a person of my father’s rank, I will include that information.